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First generation buildings


The first layout plan was approved in 1964. The plan called for uniformity: low residential buildings with square interior courtyards and identical tower blocks with a 42 by 24m base and a height of 100m. Buildings of this kind were constructed in the late 1960s and early 1970s (roughly 1964-1973).

The first building was the Esso Building, completed in 1963. This was the only building which is owned by the firm that occupies it. Furthermore, it was not linked to the pedestrian mall. Some thirty years after it was built, demolition took place and on the area of the Esso Building now rises the Coeur Defense building.

Other first generation buildings are: Roussel-Hoechst, Septentrion, Winterthur, AIG, Atlantique, Aurore, Credit Lyonnais, EDF-GDF, Europe, Franklin.

The tower blocks were designed as rather plain boxes. The designs are not very inspiring, but straightforward buildings. Typical international style-like.

Below is a table with buildings of the first generation. Blue underlined buildings have their own page with comment or just pictures.

name year type floors height
Résidence Boieldieu 1965 residential 11/4 -
AIG Aquitaine 1967 office 27 99m
Roussel-Hoechst/Nobel 1967 office 34 109m
Europe 1969 office 28 99m
Atlantique 1970 office 27 95m
Aurore 1970 office 29 110m
EDF/GDF 1971 office 32 110m
Franklin 1972 office 33 120m
Résidence Louis Pouey 1972 residential 16 -
Europlaza/Septentrion 1972 office 31 123m
Crédit Lyonnais 1973 office 25 95m
Vision 80 1973 residential 14/7 -
Winterthur 1974 office 33 119m

Overview 1

The three buildings in the middle from left to right are: Europe, American International and Aurore. The smaller Esso Building is under demolition (click on the picture to get a larger one).

To the left the former Tour Septentrion is partly visible. This building is taller than the other ones.

Overview 2

Visible are: Credit Lyonnais, Atlantique, Franklin and Winterthur.

Information sources:
- "La Défense, itineraries" (1989, EPAD)
- "La Défense, guide to the architecture" (1996, EPAD)